According to a recent count, more than 11% of Americans live with diabetes. If you gathered 10 people in a room, the odds would be high that at least one of them has this condition.
That doesn’t mean that everyone with diabetes is having the same health problem. Diabetes takes several different forms, and they all affect the body differently. Gestational diabetes, for example, impacts pregnant women. The two most common types of diabetes, though, are type 1 and type 2.
Whichever type of diabetes affects you, Dr. Peymon Zarreii can help here at Zarreii Medical and Aesthetics in Delray Beach, Florida.
As with most things, successfully moving forward after a diabetes diagnosis starts with understanding what’s at play. So let’s look at the most common kinds of diabetes and their differences.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. You get this diagnosis because your body mistakenly attacks the cells in your pancreas that create insulin.
That’s a problem because insulin is what your body uses to convert sugar (glucose) in your blood into energy for your cells. You need blood sugar to power your body. But when you don’t have enough insulin, the sugar builds up in your bloodstream rather than turning into valuable cell fuel.
Most people get diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in adolescence.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, usually develops over time and gets diagnosed later in life, often directly as a result of lifestyle choices. It’s the most common type of diabetes by far, affecting more than 90% of people with diabetes.
You get diagnosed with type 2 diabetes when your body stops making or using insulin the way it should. Unhealthy food, excess weight, and a sedentary lifestyle all directly contribute to type 2 diabetes.
Stabilizing your blood sugar
Whether you have type 1, type 2, or another type of diabetes, managing the condition is key. If you let your blood sugar levels stay too high for too long, it can create some serious health problems. Some of the most common complications of diabetes include:
- Nerve damage
- Heart disease
- Slow-healing ulcers
- Kidney disease
- Eye problems, including blindness
Effectively treating your diabetes comes down to stabilizing your blood sugar levels. If you have type 1 diabetes, that means taking insulin on a regular basis.
Some people with type 2 diabetes also need insulin or other medication, but you may have the opportunity to effectively manage your blood sugar levels with lifestyle choices.
Dr. Zarreii can help you find the right treatment option for your type of diabetes. To explore your choices to keep your blood sugar levels stable, contact us by calling our office or booking your visit online today.